For those lucky enough to be born in April, their birthstone is the most prized and loved gemstone of all ... Diamond.
We have put together a little tribute to these gorgeous, fascinating gems. Read on to find out more.
"No pressure... No Diamond"
The word 'Diamond' is derived from the Ancient Greek word 'Adamis', meaning 'unalterable' or 'unbreakable'. Natural diamonds are extremely rare, and most are between 1 and 3.5 billion years old, formed deep within the Earth under extreme levels of temperature and pressure.
"You're a diamond dear... they can't break you"
Diamonds are the hardest known natural material, and therefore are also the most resilient of all the gemstones. Many would be surprised to hear that diamond is made up of one single element: Carbon, but it is due to its cubic crystal structure and the strength of the bonding between carbon atoms that makes it so stable. This makes them also extremely resilient to contamination with impurities, but it is is the introduction of very small amounts of impurities (such as Nitrogen and Boron) that give diamonds colour!
Diamonds can only be scratched by other diamonds, making them ideal for use in jewellery as they maintain over long periods of time and polish easily. This is perhaps the main reason for their selection as the preferred gem in engagement and wedding rings, which are typically worn everyday.
"Shine bright like a diamond"
Diamonds come in several colours, including pink, red, yellow, blue, and green. Generally the more intense the colour, the more rare and therefore the higher the value.
There are many kinds of diamonds, such as transparent, translucent, and opaque. Diamonds have high levels of optical dispersion, which allows them to disperse light creating their well known and loved sparkle.
These are just some of the fascinating facts about diamonds, and it really is no wonder why diamonds are a girls best friend...